Speech of Employer Delegate,
delivered to the 103rd Session of the International Labour Conference on June, 5th, 2014
Thank you Mr. Chairman
Mr. Director General, Ladies, Gentlemen
It is a great honour to speak on behalf of Polish employers on the 103rd of the International Labour Conference.
With a great care we listened to report of the Director General of the ILO “The implementation of the 2012-2013” addressed to the delegates, all actors of the real economy leading 103 rd Session of the ILC.
The report is detailed, analytical and comprises extensive information and level of results on ILO involvement in implementing and achieving strategic targets and outcomes set by the Organization for 2012 and 2013.
With a great pleasure to note the involvement of the ILO in the key topics related to the problem of forced labour formal and informal economy and an important discussion on employment. Polish employers share Director General and Governing Body’s efforts for the full tripartite support for the supervisory system of standards.
For about a year Polish economy has been going through a phase of economic recovery that is gaining momentum now.
Indicators of consumption and investment are improving. Real income of Poles is increasing at the fastest pace in five years, which is reflected in the retail sales. Employers also feel more confident. They no longer fear that the European crisis will return and they finally begin to use funds set aside for hard times to invest and create new jobs.
The main Polish labour market challenge is low participation rate and low employment rate of people in the productive age. The employment rate for the group 20-64 years of age in Poland is about 65 per cent, more than 10 percentage points lower than in the best European performers. The main reason for this is low participation of women and also persons over 50 years of age.
A big challenge in the near future will be reduction of unemployment. Unfortunately, in recent years, registered unemployment in Poland exceeded to 13 per cent. A youth unemployment and emigration of young people is another serious problem.
Polish companies can’t find qualified employees, while youth unemployment has exceeded 25%. Actions to be taken should aim at better preparing young people for the successful entry on the labour market and encouraging employers to hire youth.
In the fight against unemployment at the end of May this year the provisions of the amended law on “Employment Promotion and Labour Market Institutions” began to apply.
The entire range of solutions is designed to improve the quality of services provided and their activation of the unemployed in the labour market. The actions for the next years should provide appropriate conditions for the return of people to the country.
The amendment provides for a dedicated solutions for different groups in the labour market, including young people, older people or parents returning to work after maternity period. For example introduced solutions support of the professional activity of 50+ and 60+ people through partly subsidising pay of the newly hired employee. Another important measure is a relocation voucher for young people, which assists in moving for the new job by covering settlement cost.
The important challenge for all social partners and the government is to return to the tripartite dialog. In June 2013 the trade unions suspended institutional social dialogue in Poland at the national and regional level. In their assessments carried out so far social dialogue had only a fictitious character in last period.
Employers agreed with the need to rebuild the social dialog . In our opinion, the institution of tripartite dialogue in Poland should be fully independent from the government, have its own budget and rotating leadership. Like the central of trade unions, we expect the powers realignment of social partners on the impact of the legislative process and the disbursement of funds from the Labour Found, as well as the strengthening of the regional government of responsibility for matters of social dialogue at the local level. We also underline the need for strengthening professionalization and increasing expertise quality among the new tripartite dialog institutions. We want to achieve better informed and evidence based discussions, decisions and opinions on social and economic policies.
The social partners agree on the direction and the need for changes in the functioning of the Tripartite Commission for Social and Economic Affairs. However, the agreement hasn’t been reached yet on specific legislation project.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In conclusion, I want to stress that all of the discussions at this Conference, as well as conclusions and recommendations that come out it, will serve us as important arguments for all delegations.
Besides this, plenary debates should add value and have concrete consequences for ILO actions.
Thank you for your attention.