INTERVENTION OF MR JACEK MĘCINA
SECRETARY OF STATE AT THE MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL POLICY
THE 104nd SESSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR CONFERENCE 4TH JUNE 2015.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In his report “The future of work initiative”, which is the basis for our discussion, the Director-General rightly noted that we rarely have an opportunity to step back and to look at processes, tendencies and organisations to see the broader picture in the longer term. We are lucky, because the approaching ILO centenary and the related future of work initiative provides that opportunity. We can look from a longer term perspective not only at the ILO but also at the processes taking place in the world of work at this breakthrough point of technological revolution.
Today, information technology and biotechnology revolution open new prospects for development, but also give rise to unprecedented challenges for social development. The new wave of innovation and global market integration already causes social problems that will require fundamental changes in the policies of individual countries, in particular in their social policies.
The knowledge-based economy was to be the response to those developments. However, there were concerns that this would lead to deep division of the labour market into small groups of increasingly well-paid innovators, specialists and managers with high qualifications and all others with lower qualifications and lower pay.
Those concerns are materialising now. Labour market segmentation is becoming a universal social problem and governments are expected to find a solution to it. But the previously used methods are no longer effective. The crisis made many countries experience difficulties with financing the necessary measures. Those problems should also be taken into account in our debate, in particular at the time when we enter the second centenary of the ILO.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I agree with the Director-General that only decent work is the link that allows the individual to actively participate in the society and to remain in the labour force for a long time. Unemployment and low quality of work not only have consequences for health of the individual, but also pose a risk of negative social processes in the future. This also concerns the crisis of social security systems and, in consequence, the crisis of trust in state institutions.
The Government of Poland appreciates and supports the concept of sustainable development of labour markets, presented by the ILO. One of the key issues is definitely the youth employment crisis. Poland, in line with recommendations of the European Commission, has prepared and successfully implements the Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan. This document provides for the use of new instruments which will allow reducing the period for which young people are not in employment. Thanks to actions of the Public Employment Services for tackling youth unemployment and support of entrepreneurship, Poland is significantly reducing unemployment among the youth. Poland has also taken actions for strengthening pro-family policy and improving the quality of employment. One of the biggest challenges for Poland now is to reverse the trend in migration of polish youths and to improve the quality of work.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Problems troubling the world of work and labour markets in individual countries today cannot be solved without genuine social dialogue. Therefore, I am glad that in Poland we are returning to tripartite dialogue at the national level. The joint work of social partners, employers, trade unions and the Government resulted in drafting an act regulating the functioning of social dialogue institutions at the national and regional level. The act provides for establishment of the rebuilt Social Dialogue Council. I hope that social dialogue in Poland in this new formula will allow us to solve social and economic problems more efficiently.
Social dialog of the government, trade unions and employers in Poland will allow achieving better social cohesion, market competitiveness and decent work, which are the most important values for the member states of the International Labour Organization.
Thank you for your attention